Prepositions can be the easiest part of speech to identify in many cases. Remember that a preposition always takes an object (noun or pronoun), so you will see a preposition beginning what is called a prepositional phrase (and it ends with the object). For example:
Over the hill and through the woods to grandmother’s house we go.
This sentence has three prepositions in it. Can you find them? They begin a phrase and end with the object of the preposition (noun or pronoun).
Over the hill
Through the woods
To grandmother’s house
I remember an elementary teacher telling me that prepositions are anything that a rabbit can do to a log: A rabbit can go over, under, through, above, below the log, etc…This trick doesn’t work for all prepositions, but it does work for most of them. I have made my children memorize the list of prepositions to help them identify the prepositional phrases easily. There are a lot of songs to help with this on YouTube. I’ll link one, but if you don’t like it, you can find several others from which to choose. Remember to never end a sentence with a preposition! For example:
Who did you go with?
A preposition needs its object to function correctly in a sentence. “With” has no clear object. The corrected sentence would read:
With whom did you go?
“With” is the preposition and “whom” is the object.
Please, as always, let me know if you have any questions in the comments below. I’d love to help you!
For more on prepositions…
School House Rock’s preposition song: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yfExXGMX2JM
A song defining a preposition and listing all prepositions: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4rBHmy27M6c
The Purdue Owl: https://owl.purdue.edu/…/ge…/grammar/prepositions/index.html
Grammar Monster: https://www.grammar-monster.com/lessons/prepositions.htm